Figure 1

Figure 1: ASUKA observational line (red line) across the Kuroshio south of Japan, superimposed on the bathymetry. Moored current meter measurements, repeated hydrographic surveys and other measurements were carried out on the line from October 1993 to November 1995. This line was purposely located along a track of the TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter. Schematic flow patterns of the Kuroshio and its recirculation south of Japan are also shown.